Volume 12, Issue 46 (1-2009)                   jwss 2009, 12(46): 705-720 | Back to browse issues page

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Rsouli F, Mafton M. Effect of Soil Application of Two Organic Matters in Combination with Nitrogen on Growth and Chemical Composition of Lowland Rice. jwss 2009; 12 (46) :705-720
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1154-en.html
, fhrasouli@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (45595 Views)
Organic matter (OM) and total N (N) are relatively low in majority of the calcareous soils in Iran, and continuous use of N fertilizer would impair the quality of surface and ground water and creates other environmental hazards. Therefore, the combined use of N fertilizer and organic wastes is important to partly supply plant N requirement, improve physico-chemical properties of soil and conservation of environment. The present study was initiated in order to study the effect of two organic wastes with and /or without N enrichment on the growth and chemical composition of paddy rice and some characteristics of the soil in pot experiment. The experiment was carried out in factorial manner in a completely randomized design with three replications. Treatments were two organic matter sources (municipal solid waste compost and cow manure), four OM rates (0, 1, 2, and 4%) and three N levels (0, 75, 150 mg kg-1 soil as urea). Application of compost and cow manure increased top dry weight of rice. The highest growth of rice was obtained with 4% compost and 150 mg kg-1 N. Rice growth increased up to 2 % cow manure and was suppressed with the higher rate, due to build up of soluble salt in soil. Enhancing effect of N on rice growth was only observed with 1% cow manure and at high level of cow manure rice growth was decreased probably due to rise in soil salinity or ammonium toxicity. The mean concentration of N increased by the addition of cow manure, whereas decreased with compost application. Soil N application enhanced the mean concentration of N, and iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mn). Rice plants enriched with either of the two organic wastes accumulated more phosphorus (P), potassium (K), N, Fe, Mn, chloride (Cl) and sodium (Na) than control plants. Post harvest soil sampling indicated that organic matter significantly improved all chemical characteristics. Furthermore, soil treated with cow manure had higher soluble salt (ECe), Cl, K, OM, total nitrogen, available P, Fe and Mn and lower Zn, Cu, lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and sodium adsorption ratio.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/19 | Published: 2009/01/15

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