Volume 12, Issue 46 (fall 2009)                   jwss 2009, 12(46): 109-116 | Back to browse issues page

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S.SHarifi R, Javanshir A, SHakiba M, GHasemi Golezani K, Mohamadi A, Raei Y. The Effect of Different Densities and Interferences Periods of Sorghum on Contribution of Stem Reserves to Corn Grain Yield.. jwss 2009; 12 (46) :109-116
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1111-en.html
, raouf_ssharifi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (21711 Views)
In order to study yield component and determinate the contribution of stem reserves to corn yield under effect of different densities and interference periods of sorghum, a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted in 2002 on the Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture Tabriz University. Experimental factors were sorghum interference at different periods (0,14,28,42 days after corn emergence and also during plant life corn) with three densities (4,8,12 plants m-2). Characteristics of study were yield, yield component and the contribution of stem reserves to corn grain yield. The results showed that with increasing sorghum density and interference, corn yield components (except the number of grain rows) were decreased, due to shading and competition between plants for using available resources. Maximum grain yield and grain number per ear was obtained at pure corn plantation. With increasing sorghum density and interference periods grain yield decreased, and maximum corn yield loss was 38%, which occurred at the highest sorghum density and interference. Dry matter remobilization and contribution of stem reserves were significantly influenced by sorghum densities and interferences in corn grain yield. The highest contribution of dry matter remobilization and stem reserves to corn yield was obtained at maximum density and complete interference of sorghum. The least contribution of reserves was shown in pure corn plantation. This might be related to shading and competition between plants for light and other resources.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2010/06/12 | Published: 2009/01/15

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