AU - A. Moradi Sabz Koohi,
AU - S. S.M. Kashefipour,
AU - M. Bina,
TI - Experimental Comparison of Energy Dissipation on Drop Structures
PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
TA - JSTNAR
JN - JSTNAR
VO - 15
VI - 56
IP - 56
4099 - http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1719-en.html
4100 - http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1719-en.pdf
SO - JSTNAR 56
ABĀ - Drops are the most important and common hydraulic structures used as energy dissipators in irrigation networks and erodible waterways. Dissipation of energy occurs in two different ways. One portion belongs to the geometric form of the structure (briefly called loss due to structure), whereas the other occurs due to happening of hydraulic jump downstream of the structure. The dimensions of drop structure and downstream stilling basin can be optimized if geometric and hydraulic characteristics are recognized properly. In this research, the effects of drop geometry and hydraulic characteristics on the loss due to structure were investigated. At first, the effective dimensionless parameters were specified. 14 physical models of more common drops including straight, inclined and stepped drops were then built in 2 heights of 51.5 & 25.5 centimeters and 2 bed slopes of 26.6 & 33.7 degrees. The number of steps in stepped models was chosen equal to 3 and 7. With establishment of 90 flow rate, the energy losses were compared. The results showed that in the range of variable parameters, the straight drop has the maximum amount of energy dissipation.
CP - IRAN
IN -
LG - eng
PB - JSTNAR
PG - 209
PT - Research
YR - 2011