TY - JOUR
T1 - Investigating the Diversity and Relationship between Agronomical Traits and Seed Yield in Barley Advanced lines Using Factor Analysis
TT - بررسی تنوع و تعیین روابط بین صفات زراعی با عملکرد در لاینهای پیشرفته جو به کمک تجزیه عاملها
JF - JSTNAR
JO - JSTNAR
VL - 12
IS - 45
UR - http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-906-en.html
Y1 - 2008
SP - 137
EP - 145
KW - Advanced lines
KW - Barley
KW - Factor analysis.
N2 - In order to investigate the diversity and relationship between agronomical traits with seed yield components in barley, twenty advanced barley lines were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications at Research Center of Agriculture in Sistan in 2006. Each plot consisted of six rows spaced 20 cm apart and 5 meters long. In this research, 24 Agronomic traits were measured on five randomly selected plants in the central rows of each plot. Analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences among the lines for most of the traits. Line No.7 had the highest (406 grs/m2) and line No.5 had the lowest (309 grs/m2) seed yield. There were high correlation between seed yield and number of panicle/m2. Factor analysis results indicated that 7 independent factors explained 82 percent of the total variation. The first two factors, namely yield components and tillering capacity, explained 41 percent of the total variation. Therefore, it can be concluded that the traits are related to seed yield and tillering capacity, i.e., number of seed per main panicle. 1000 seed weight, number of seed per plant, number of days to physiological maturity and days to heading are the most important characteristics in selecting lines with high seed yield. Number of fertile tiller, total number of tillers and peduncle length were also next set of important traits. Number of days to emergence, nodule number and number of panicle per m2 were also important as selection criteria. Seed weight per plant, biological yield, awn length and the traits that were related to flag leaf had lower importance for selection of lines with high seed yield.
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