RT - Journal Article
T1 - The Functional Comparison of the Turbulent Model to the RNG Model at Predicting the Plunge Point Depth
JF - JSTNAR
YR - 2014
JO - JSTNAR
VO - 18
IS - 69
UR - http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2865-en.html
SP - 89
EP - 100
K1 - Physical Model
K1 - Turbulence Model
K1 - Plunge Point Depth
K1 - Density Current
K1 - Flow-3D
AB - While the mass density current penetrates the stagnant fluid, a plunge point occurs. In this regard, the boundary of the dense fluid with ambient fluid is determined at the plunge point height. In this research, the hydraulic parameters of the dense flow and the bed slope of the stagnant fluid which have a significant effect on the plunge point have been investigated under the two turbulence models: the k- and the RNG at the Flow-3D model. To achieve the purpose of this research, a physical model was set up at the hydraulics laboratory of Shahid Chamran University (SCU), Ahwaz, Iran. Then, using the Flow-3D model with both the k- and the RNG turbulence model, the height of the plunge point was simulated according to the same experimental condition. Findings showed that the predicted depth under the RNG model is closer to the results of the physical model. For example, the k- and RNG model for the 12% slope can estimate the plunge point depth by 30% and 12.28% respectively more than the experimental data. However, for all the slopes, the k-e model can on average overestimate by 27% and RNG model 10.5% more than the results of experimental data. The statistical analysis showed that the RNG model predicts the plunge point depths with a satisfactory precision.
LA eng
UL http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2865-en.html
M3
ER -