Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2007)                   JWSS 2007, 11(1): 147-163 | Back to browse issues page

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D. Lotfi, A. Hemmat, M. R. Akhavan Sarraf. Development and Evaluation of a Three-Point Hitch Dynamometer and a Fifth Wheel for Mounted Implement Draft and Tractor Speed Measurements . JWSS. 2007; 11 (1) :147-163
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-653-en.html
Abstract:   (17676 Views)
For measuring draft force and drawbar power requirements for mounted implements, precise instruments such as three-point hitch dynamometers and tractor speed measurement devices are needed. In this research, a frame-type three-point hitch dynamometer was built and evaluated. Forces applied to dynamometer are measured by three separate load cells located on a frame which can be attached to tractor’s three-point hitch. Each dynamometer’s load cell measures load using a strain gauge bridge circuit. Each load cell was calibrated by applying a known load and measuring bridge circuit’s output voltage. Dynamometer was calibrated by the application of known forces and measuring the output voltage of the strain gauge bridges. The calibration showed a high degree of linearity between the applied forces and the bridge outputs (R2 = 0.996). The hysteresis effect between loading and unloading as well as the effect of the position of the applied forces from the longitudinal axis of the dynamometer was small. For measuring actual tractor speed, a fifth wheel equipped with an encoder shaft was designed and built. The calibration on tarmac and soil surfaces showed a highly linear relation between measured forward speed and output of encoder’s rotation (R2 =0.994). The errors in speed measurements at low speed in field and at high speed (up to 12.5 km/h) on tarmac surface were approximately 3 and 8%, respectively. The data acquisition system, not only could display the instantaneous force and speed, it could also show force-time and force-distance curves on the system’s monitor.
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (2739 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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