Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2007)                   JWSS 2007, 11(1): 25-40 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Rezaei, M. Mahdavi, K. Luxe, S. Feiznia, M. H. Mahdian. Regional Peak Flows Modelling of Sefid rood Dam’s Sub Basins Using Artificial Neural Network. JWSS. 2007; 11 (1) :25-40
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-644-en.html
Abstract:   (20645 Views)
The model in this research was created based on the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and calibrated in the Sefid-rood dam basin (excluding Khazar zone). This research was done by gathering and selecting peak flows of hydrographs from 12 sub basins, the concentration time of which was equal to or less than 24 hours and was caused only by rainfall. From all the selected sub basins, totally 661 hydrographs were prepared and their peak flows data wes used to make prediction model. The input variables of the model consisted of the depth of daily flooding rainfalls, and so the five days before rainfall of every peak flow, the area of sub basins, the main stream length, the slope of 10-85 percent of main stream, the median height of sub basins, the area of geological formations and rock units, classified at three hydrological groups of I, II, III, the base flow, and output variable was only peak flow. By using Feed Forward Artificial Neural Network with training method of back propagation error the function approximation of inputs to output was created by passing the three processes of training (learning), testing and validation. So based on that data and variables, the Multivariable Linear Regression model was created. The comparison of observed peak flows, based on validation data package, showed that the statistical parameters of (R2) coefficient and Fisher’s test parameter coefficient (F) for ANN model and MLR respectively were 0.84, 33.66 and 0.33, 3.60, indicating the superiority of ANN to traditional methods.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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