Volume 10, Issue 4 (winter 2007)                   JWSS 2007, 10(4): 341-355 | Back to browse issues page


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E. Farahani, A. Arzani. Study of Genetic Diversity of Cultivars and F1 Hybrids of Durum Wheat Using Agronomic and Morphological Traits. JWSS. 2007; 10 (4) :341-355
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-626-en.html

Abstract:   (15647 Views)
An experiment was conducted to investigate the genetic diversity in the cultivars and F1 hybrids of durum wheat, using agronomic and morphological traits. Evaluation of consistency between choosing parents of crosses based on morphological and agronomic observations and genetic distance obtained from cluster analysis were objectives of this study. Fourty- two genotypes were evaluated using a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2003. Agronomic characteristics comprised days to 50% flowering, days to 50% pollination, days to maturity, plant height (cm), spike length (cm), grain weight per spike (gr), number of grain per spike, number of spike per m2, grain yield (t/ha), biological yield (t/ha), 1000 grain weight, test weight (gr/L) and harvest index were measured in the studied genotypes. The results of analysis of variance showed significant differences among genotypes for all the studied traits. The results also revealed that grain yield had the highest coefficient of variation (CV= 21.6%), followed by spikes per m2 (CV= 20%) and number of grains per spike (CV= 18.9%). Lowest coefficient of variation was observed in days to maturity, days to 50% pollination and days to 50% flowering. Moreover, correlation analysis indicated that grain yield correlated with harvest index, biological yield, grain per spike and grain weight per spike. Cluster analysis of genotypes based on agronomic traits defined desirable clusters. These clusters have desirable characteristics and are beneficial for breeding objectives. Results of evaluation of consistency between choosing parents based on observation and those of cluster analysis showed varing degrees of consistency in 12 conducted crosses, ranging from highly similar parents in Eupoda6×Chahba88 to relatively distinct parents in PI40100×PI40099 cross.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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