Volume 9, Issue 4 (winter 2006)                   jwss 2006, 9(4): 161-170 | Back to browse issues page

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F A. Frouzandeh Shahraky, M. R. Khajehpour. Effects of Seedbed Preparation Methods on Vegetative Growth, Yield Components and Seed and Oil yields of Sunflower as the Second Crop. jwss 2006; 9 (4) :161-170
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-509-en.html
Abstract:   (27882 Views)
Under irrigation and in double-cropping system, a large amount of plant residue remains after harvest that along with the limited time for residue decomposition and complete seedbed preparation, necessitates reduced tillage and special residue management. In the present study, the effects of various seedbed preparation methods on vegetative growth, yield components and seed and oil yields of sunflower (Euroflor hybrid) were studied in a barley-sunflower cropping system during 2001 at the Agricultural Research Station, Isfahan University of Technology. Three residue management treatments (standing, partly removed and burned) along with five tillage systems (moldboard + disk chisel + disk disk moldboard and furrower as the minimum tillage) were laid out in a split-block design with three replications. Burning residue treatment significantly increased plant dry weight at various developmental stages and also head diameter. Number of seeds per head, 1000 seed weight, harvest index, and oil yield were non-significantly higher in the burned residue treatment. Seed yield was significantly higher in the burned and partly removed residue treatments. Moldboard + disk and chisel + disk treatments significantly produced higher plant dry weight at various developmental stages, head diameter and seed yield. Number of seeds per head, 1000 seed weight, harvest index, and oil yield were non-significantly higher in these treatments. Minimum tillage ranked the lowest for these traits. The results of this experiment indicate that chisel + disk treatment with the partly removed residues might be an appropriate seedbed preparation method in a barley-sunflower double planting under conditions similar to this experiment.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2006/01/15

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