Volume 7, Issue 4 (winter 2004)                   JWSS 2004, 7(4): 115-127 | Back to browse issues page

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T. Najafi Mirak, A. Zali, A. Hossainzadeh, Gh. R. Rasoulian, A. Saeidi. Evaluation of Resistance to Russian Wheat Aphid, Diuraphis Noxia (Mordvilko) in Durum and Bread Wheats. JWSS. 2004; 7 (4) :115-127
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-489-en.html
Abstract:   (19133 Views)
Russian Wheat Aphid (RWA) is a serious pest of wheat, barely and other small grains in cereal-producing regions of the world. The use of resistant cultivars is an effective management strategy to control this pest. In this study, 15 lines and 13 cultivars of durum and bread wheats along with two resistant and susceptible controls were used to evaluate their reaction to RWA under greenhouse conditions, using completely randomized design with four replications. Three seedlings at each plot were considered as an experimental unit. Five aphid nymphs (4-5 ages) were placed on each plant at 1-2 leaf stage. Leaf rolling and leaf chlorosis percentages were measured 21 days after infesting and used to screen the genotypes. Despite the relatively high linear correlation between two resistance components, leaf rolling and leaf chlorosis, estimated as 80%, analysis of variance indicated significant differences among genotypes. Eight durum lines DW9, DW14, DW4, DW2, DW7, DW8, DW12 and DW3 and one bread wheat cultivar (Azadi) were significantly more resistant than the resistant control (Halt). One durum line (DW13) and two bread wheat cultivars (Shiroodi and M-75-7) had higher leaf rolling and leaf chlorosis than the susceptible control (Sholeh). So they were selected as the most susceptible to the biotype of D. noxia. under study. Orthogonal comparison showed that durum lines were more resistant than bread wheat cultivars. These results were confirmed by Cluster Analysis based on leaf rolling and leaf chlorosis.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9

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