Volume 27, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(2): 299-311 | Back to browse issues page


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Tarbiat Modares University, Noor , a.khaledi@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (858 Views)
Soil erosion followed by sediment production is the most important phenomenon that causes soil and environment degradation in many areas and is increasing. Sediment fingerprinting is a method to identify sediment sources and determine the contribution of each source to sediment production. The present research was carried out to evaluate the relative erosion sensitivity of lithological units and to determine the contribution of each unit in bed sediment production using geochemical properties in the Vaz River located in Mazandaran province. The 33 soil samples were taken from the whole watershed and one sediment sample at the outlet of the watershed. Then, five tracers of B, Al, Sc, Mo, and Sn were selected as the optimal combination using three statistical tests range tests, Kruskal-Wallis, and discriminant function analysis. Finally, using optimal tracers and a combined multivariate model, the contribution of lithological units with very high (A), high (B), medium to high (C), and medium (D) sensitivity in bed sediment production were obtained using FingerPro statistical package and R software. The results showed that the contribution of lithological units with very high (A), high (B), medium to high (C), and medium (D) sensitivity in bed sediment production were 24.23, 50.77, 15.62, and 9.36%, respectively. Then, the specific contribution of each sensitivity class was also calculated to remove the effect of area on the results. The Qal lithological unit including the Quaternary sediments in the river bed and banks with very high sensitivity to erosion (A) and a specific contribution of 0.0807 % per hectare had the maximum contribution in bed sediment production in Vaz River.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/10/23 | Accepted: 2023/03/13 | Published: 2023/09/1

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