Volume 27, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(1): 231-244 | Back to browse issues page


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Imam Khomeini International University , ramezani@eng.ikiu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1148 Views)
Studying the effects of drought in mountainous areas is facing problems due to the inappropriate distribution of stations, the lack of long-term data, and areas lacking statistics. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to investigate the drought indices of Kurdistan province using TRMM satellite data and ECMWF dataset, as well as to evaluate their accuracy against the data of land stations in Kurdistan province. First, ECMWF precipitation data for the 2000-2020 period and TRMM precipitation data for the 2000-2019 period were obtained and evaluated using RMSE, MBE, and correlation coefficient statistics. Spearman's correlation coefficient showed a significant relationship between the TRMM satellite precipitation data and the ECMWF dataset with ground stations at the 5% level, and the value of this coefficient was between 0.95-0.85. According to the results, it can be acknowledged that the TRMM satellite rainfall and ECMWF dataset in the monthly time scale had proper accuracy at the Kurdistan province level. Therefore, these two sources were used to examine the drought indices. SPI, SPEI, and ZSI drought indices were calculated in different monthly periods (1-48), PNI in different monthly, seasonal, and annual periods in Kurdistan province (Saqqez, Qorveh, Bijar, Sanandaj stations). Spearman's correlation coefficient indicated a significant relationship at the 5% level between the SPI, ZSI, PNI, and SPEI index of the ECMWF dataset with ground stations. The results of the SPI index showed that the lowest RMSE value for the TRMM satellite at the Saqqez station and the three months was equal to 0.45, and for the ECMWF dataset at the Sanandaj station and the 24 months was equal to 0.35.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/08/14 | Accepted: 2022/11/16 | Published: 2023/05/31

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