Volume 27, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   jwss 2023, 27(1): 189-201 | Back to browse issues page

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Momeni F, Amirinejad A. Assessment of Spatial Variation of Soil Physical Quality in a Rapeseed (Brassica napus) Field in Bilavar, Kermanshah. jwss 2023; 27 (1) :189-201
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4281-en.html
University of Razi , aliamirinejad@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (1059 Views)
In precision agriculture, a productivity rating system is a significant tool to quantitatively assess soil quality. An experiment was conducted in Bilavar, Kermanshah to evaluate the spatial variability of physical indicators of soil quality of a rapeseed (Brassica napus) field. Spatial variability analysis of soil physical properties measured on a rectangular grid (100 m×100 m) was carried out using a geostatistical analyst extension of Arc-GIS software. Five physical soil quality indicators including bulk density (BD), non-capillary porosity (NCP), field saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks), available water retention capacity (AWC), and organic carbon (OC) were determined. The physical rating index (PRI) at each sampling point was determined by multiplying the rating values for all five parameters. Results revealed that major ranges of semivariogram for Ks and AWC varied between 137-145 m and for BD, OC, and NCP they were relatively long (161-205 m). Clay and NCP showed moderate spatial dependence (0.68 and 0.28, respectively) whereas the rest of the parameters showed weak spatial dependence. Also, the correlation between PRI and the biological yield of rapeseed was fairly good (R2=0.68). Investigation of zoning maps of soil physical properties showed an increase in BD and a decrease in AWC and NCP parameters depending on changes in soil texture and organic matter content in some parts of the field. In general, the PRI index is an important tool in the quantitative assessment of soil physical conditions, and based on it and zoning maps can improve the physical quality of soil in agricultural fields.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2022/06/25 | Accepted: 2022/11/6 | Published: 2023/05/31

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