Volume 26, Issue 4 (Winiter 2023)                   jwss 2023, 26(4): 105-118 | Back to browse issues page


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Amiri M, Bahrami M, Mousavi poor M, Shabani A. The Development of Empirical Equations Estimation of Pan Evaporation Coefficient in the Fasa Region. jwss 2023; 26 (4) :105-118
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4235-en.html
Fasa University , mjavad.amiri62@gmail.com
Abstract:   (283 Views)
Class A pan evaporation method as one of the most common methods for reference evapotranspiration (ET0) estimation has been widely used in the world due to its simplicity, relatively low cost, and ability to estimate daily ET. In this study, the performance of 8 empirical methods consisting of Allen and Pruitt (1991), Cuenca (1989), Snyder (1992), modified Snyder, Pereira, et al. (1995), Orang (1998), Raghuwanshi and Wallender (1998), and FAO/56 were analyzed to estimate class A pan coefficient and ET0 at Fasa synoptic station located in Fars province. The calculated pan evaporation coefficients from the above equations were compared with measured pan evaporation coefficients which were obtained from the ratio of evapotranspiration calculated by the FAO-Penman-Monteith method to the rate of evaporation from the pan. The results showed that all empirical methods did not predict pan coefficient values well (R2 < 0.3 and NRMSE > 0.25). The comparison results between ET0 from empirical methods and ET0 obtained from FAO-Penman–Monteith indicated that the FAO/56 method had the best performance (R2 = 0.72 and NRMSE = 0.3). To increase the accuracy of empirical pan coefficient equations, these equations were modified with eight years (2007-2015) of meteorological data from the Fasa synoptic station and validated using two years of independent data (2015-2017). The results showed that the accuracy of all empirical models was improved and the Cuenca equation with NRMSE = 0.16 and R2= 0.63 was selected as the best equation for pan coefficient estimation and ET0 (R2 =0.85; NRMSE =0.18) in Fasa region. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the estimated pan coefficient is more sensitive to wind speed, followed by relative humidity, fetch distance, the slope of the saturation vapor pressure curve, sunshine hours, and air pressure. According to statistical results and sensitivity analysis, an equation was expanded for the Fasa region and other areas with the same climate.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/12/7 | Accepted: 2022/05/24 | Published: 2023/03/1

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