Volume 26, Issue 2 (ُSummer 2022)                   JWSS 2022, 26(2): 223-233 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdi M, Sharifan H, Jafari H, Ghorbani K. Determination of Wheat Stress Index(CWSI) in Karaj for Use in Irrigation Scheduling. JWSS 2022; 26 (2) :223-233
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4204-en.html
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources , abdimohsen12@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (194 Views)
The irrigation schedule of crops is the most effective way to increase agricultural water use efficiency. In irrigation planning, determining the irrigation time is more important and difficult than determining the depth of irrigation water. Among all methods of determining the irrigation time of crops, the methods which used plants are more accurate than other methods. In this study, the wheat water stress index has been used which is based on the air vapor pressure deficit and the difference between vegetation and air temperature (Tc-Ta). First of all, the diagram and the relationship between the top and bottom baselines were extracted, then the water stress index of wheat was drawn in the Karaj region. Secondly, to determine the optimal water stress index of wheat, four treatments including I1: 30% of maximum allowable depletion of moisture, I2: 45% of maximum allowable depletion of moisture, I3: 60% of maximum allowable depletion of moisture, I4: 75% of maximum allowable depletion of moisture were performed in four replications. The amount of water stress index of each treatment was calculated during the season separately, and the CWSI of the treatment with the highest water use efficiency was used to determine the irrigation time of wheat. The results showed that the relationship between the upper and lower baseline for wheat in the Karaj region is Tc-Ta = 3.6 0c and 
Tc-Ta = -0.27VPD - 2.64, respectively. The treatment of 45% of maximum allowable depletion of moisture had the highest water use efficiency and the optimal water stress index for wheat was obtained at 0.36 in the Karaj region.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/09/1 | Accepted: 2021/10/10 | Published: 2022/09/1

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