Volume 26, Issue 3 (Fall 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(3): 55-67 | Back to browse issues page

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Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University , f.ahmadzadeh@iaut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1229 Views)
Hydrological models for evaluating and predicting the amount of available water in basins, flood frequency analysis, and developing strategies to deal with destructive floods are expanding daily. In this study, HEC-GeoHMS and Arc Hydro extensions in ArcGIS software and the HEC-HMS model were used to simulate design flood hydrographs in the Aydooghmush basin in the northwest of Iran. SCS-CN, SCS-UH, Maskingham, and monthly fixed methods were used to calculate rainfall losses, rainfall-runoff transformation, flood routing, and base flow, respectively. In model calibration with two real flood events, the average of absolute values of the residuals, the sum of the remaining squares, and the weight of the peak mean the error squares for the flood volume were 2.75, 5.91, and 5.32, respectively and for peak discharge were 8.9, 8.0, and 8.0, respectively. Model validation was evaluated as acceptable with a one percent error rate in the peak of discharge and a 19 percent in the flood volume. For maximum 24-hour precipitation, the log-Pearson type 3 was determined as the most suitable distribution in the SMADA model and design precipitation was extracted in different return periods. Thus, for the return period of 2 to 1000 years, the peak discharge and volume of the design flood were simulated equally to 18.8 to 415.6 m3 s-1 and 5.7 to 87.9 MCM, respectively.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/07/19 | Accepted: 2021/11/9 | Published: 2022/12/1

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