Volume 26, Issue 2 (ُSummer 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(2): 39-59 | Back to browse issues page

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Hasanpour I, Shirvani M, Hajabbasi M, Majidi M. Effect of Acidic Biochars on Some Chemical Properties and Nutrient Availabilities of Calcareous Soils. jwss 2022; 26 (2) :39-59
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4159-en.html
Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan , i_hasanpour@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1704 Views)
Low organic matter content and alkaline pH of calcareous soils in arid and semi-arid regions are the main reasons for the low nutrient availabilities for plants in these soils. One way to improve the chemical properties and fertility of calcareous soils is the application of organic substances such as biochar produced from pyrolysis of organic wastes. However, biochars have an almost predominant alkaline pH, which exacerbates plant nutrient deficiencies in calcareous soils when used for a long time. Pyrolysis of some organic wastes under controlled temperature conditions can lead to the production of acidic biochar. The effect of acidic biochars on several chemical properties of two calcareous soils in Isfahan province was investigated in the present study. Treatments included two types of biochar (pine cone and rice husk), three levels of biochar addition (one, three, and six percent), two types of soil (a sandy loam (Tiran) and a clay loam (Lavark)), and two incubation periods (one and six months). The results showed that applying biochar could slightly decrease soil pH but raised soil electrical conductivity. In addition, the amount of organic carbon, total nitrogen, and available concentration of manganese in all treatments and the concentrations of available phosphorus, potassium, iron, zinc, and copper in the most of treatments showed a significant increase compared to the control. Amending soil with biochar at a 6% rate caused the most significant changes in the measured parameters in both soil types. In general, the results of this study indicated that acidic biochar produced from pine cones and rice husk can be used as a suitable conditioner to improve the chemical properties and fertility of calcareous soils.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/04/16 | Accepted: 2021/07/19 | Published: 2022/09/1

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