Volume 26, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   JWSS 2022, 26(1): 295-307 | Back to browse issues page

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Bu-Ali Sina University , safadoust@gmail.com
Abstract:   (402 Views)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of vegetation type (Alfalfa and Wheat) and slope (5% and 20%) on runoff and drainage pollution in clay loam soil. Sampled soils were repacked in the box with one soil drainage outlet and one surface flow outlet and were cultivated by wheat or alfalfa. A solution containing 0.05 M KCl was poured quickly and uniformly, over the surface of each box, after plant growth. Simulated rainfall was applied to the soil box with the intensity of a constant rate of 64 mm h-1 for 2 hours immediately. Then the concentration of Cl- and K+ were measured in the collected samples of runoff and the drainage outlet. Results showed that the measured concentration of K+ was lower than the Cl- concentration as a result of its absorbable property. The breakthrough curves (BTCs) of Cl- and K+ showed that slope and vegetation type affected the transport of Cl- and K+. The peak of the BTCs for Cl- and K+ in runoff ranked in the order of wheat and 20% slope> alfalfa and 20% slope> wheat and 5% slope> alfalfa and 5% slope, and in the drainage changed to alfalfa and 5% slope> wheat and 5% slope> alfalfa and 20% slope> wheat and 20% slope. For each slope, the intensive vegetation cover of alfalfa than wheat considerably reduces Cl- or K+ pollution in runoff; whereas drainage development of larger and deeper root systems was the cause of higher leached concentrations for both tracers. Based on our research changes in soil surface vegetation cover from wheat to alfalfa are suggested in slope land to prevent surface water pollution; although other factors such as the climate, soil texture, and structure should also be considered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/04/12 | Accepted: 2021/07/11 | Published: 2022/05/22

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