Volume 26, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   jwss 2022, 26(1): 177-194 | Back to browse issues page

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Azadi N, Raiesi F. Responses of Some Soil Bioindicators to the Interaction Between Sugarcane Bagasse Biochar and Salinity Stress in a Cadmium-Polluted Soil. jwss 2022; 26 (1) :177-194
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4141-en.html
Shahrekord University , nahidazadi93@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2215 Views)
Biochar as an efficient strategy for the improvement of soil properties and organic waste management may reduce the potential effects of abiotic stresses and increase soil fertility. However, the effects of this organic amendment on soil microbial indicators under combined salinity and pollution have not been studied yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of sugarcane bagasse biochar on some soil bioindicators in a Cd-polluted soil under saline and non-saline conditions. A factorial experiment was carried out with two factors, including NaCl salinity (control, 20 and 40 mM NaCl) and sugarcane bagasse biochar (soils unamended with biochar, amended with uncharred bagasse, 400 oC biochar, and 600 oC) at 1% (w/w) using a completely randomized design. Results showed that salinity increased the mobility of Cd (12-17%), and subsequently augmented its toxicity to soil microorganisms as indicated by significant decreases in the abundance and activities of the soil microbial community. Conversely, sugarcane bagasse biochar application reduced the concentration of soil available Cd (14-18%), increased the contents of soil organic carbon (89-127%), and dissolved organic carbon (4-70%), and consequently alleviated the effect of both abiotic stresses on soil microbial community and enzyme activity. In conclusion, this experiment demonstrated that the application of sugarcane bagasse biochar could reduce the salinity-induced increases in available Cd and mitigate the interaction between salinity and Cd pollution on the measured soil bioindicators.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2021/03/1 | Accepted: 2021/06/23 | Published: 2022/05/22

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