Volume 25, Issue 4 (Winiter 2022)                   JWSS 2022, 25(4): 283-298 | Back to browse issues page


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salehi S, Esmaili A, Esmaili K. Classification of Scouring Form of Homogeneous and Sticky Earth Dams in Overtopping. JWSS 2022; 25 (4) :283-298
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4118-en.html
Ferdowsi university of Mashhad , saeedsalehi100@gmail.com
Abstract:   (988 Views)
The objective of this study was to investigate how the earth dam is destroyed due to the effect of upstream and downstream slope of the body in overflow conditions. Therefore, eight models were provided that each model is constructed from the embankment dam with different upstream and downstream slopes (1:1, 2:1) and the soil properties (Sc) on breach formation. The time and method of dam break for flood discharges were investigated. The results showed that the upstream side slope of the embankment dam has less effect than the downstream side slope on the scour process resulting from the phenomenon and by increasing the downstream side slope of the embankment dam, the amount of erosion in the scour hole increases 28 %. Then, using nonlinear regression, relationships were presented to estimate the output flow rate and the location of the waterfall. A to the erosion and formation of the waterfall inside the body of sticky earth dams, two main outlines of the great waterfall and a series of waterfalls were presented. Finally, the formation of these waterfalls due to the effect of shear stress created during sediment erosion relative to the critical shear stress of the dam constituents was investigated and evaluated. Considering the limitations based on shear stress, the formation status of the type and the leaching pattern of the body of the cohesive earth dams during the overpass were estimated. Then, a general plan was presented to predict the behavior of the overflow stream in homogeneous and sticky soil.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/12/26 | Accepted: 2021/05/15 | Published: 2022/03/1

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