Volume 25, Issue 4 (Winiter 2022)                   jwss 2022, 25(4): 147-162 | Back to browse issues page

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Alipour H, Jalalian A, Honarjoo N, Toomanian N, Sarmadian F. Evaluation of Heavy Metal Dust Pollution and their Origin in the Atmosphere of Kuhdasht, Lorestan Province. jwss 2022; 25 (4) :147-162
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4076-en.html
2- Professor, Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , jalalian@khuisf.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1854 Views)
Dust is one of the environmental hazards in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. In some areas, under the influence of human activities, dust is contaminated by heavy metals. In this study, the dust of 10 stations in the Kuhdasht region of Lorestan province in four seasons of spring, summer, autumn, and winter, as well as adjacent surface soils (a total of 40 dust samples and 10 surface soil samples), were sampled and some heavy metals including Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, and Mn were analyzed. The results revealed that the amount of Zn in the dust was much higher than the surface soils of the region (800 vs. 85 mg/kg). Contamination factor index calculation indicated that high contamination of Cd and Zn, significant contamination of Ni and Pb, and lack of contamination by Cu and Mn. The annual enrichment factor of Cd (33.9) and Zn (24.6) was very high, Ni (11.3) was significant, Pb (6.4) was moderate, Mn (1) and Cu (0.82) were low. Based on the enrichment factor values, Cd, Zn, and Ni seem to have a human origin, Pb has both human activities and natural origin, and Cu and Mn have an only natural origin.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/09/19 | Accepted: 2021/04/7 | Published: 2022/03/1

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