Volume 26, Issue 2 (ُSummer 2022)                   JWSS 2022, 26(2): 61-73 | Back to browse issues page

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khafi F, hossienpour A, motaghian H. Sewage Sludge Biochar: Physicochemical Properties and Fractionation of Zinc and Lead Metals. JWSS 2022; 26 (2) :61-73
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4068-en.html
shahrekord university , khaefif@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (197 Views)
One of the significant factors affecting biochar properties is the pyrolysis temperature. This study aimed to investigate the effect of pyrolysis temperature on the properties and fractionation of Zn and Pb in biochars produced by sewage sludge. Biochars were prepared at temperatures of 300 to 700 °C and the physicochemical properties, availability, and fractionation of Zn and Pb were investigated. The results showed that pH, pHzpc, percentage of calcium carbonate, cation exchange capacity, specific surface area, and porosity in biochars were higher than in the feedstock. By increasing biochar production temperature, the mentioned properties increased. FT-IR revealed that the OH functional group is present in free form, either in the structure of C-OH and -COOH and aliphatic-CH2 groups in the sewage sludge. By converting sewage sludge to biochar, the intensity of these peaks decreased. In contrast, peaks representing complex aromatic structures appeared. The availability of Zn and Pb in biochar was reduced as compared to sewage sludge. The results of fractionation indicated that sewage sludge has bio-availability and toxicity of Pb and Zn. the amount of oxide and residual fractions of these two metals increased by converting sewage sludge to biochar at different temperatures. Therefore, it seems that biochar production from sewage sludge reduces the toxicity and bio-availability of Zn and Pb. Also, by incrementing the temperature of production, the bio-availability potential (bonding with organic matter), and non-toxicity (residual) of these metals increased.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/09/5 | Accepted: 2021/07/19 | Published: 2022/09/1

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