Volume 25, Issue 3 (Fall 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(3): 225-244 | Back to browse issues page

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Sayadi M, Khosravi H, Zareh S, Ahmadali K, Bagheri S. Predicting the Future of Desertification in Tehran Province Affected by Climate Change and Human Activities. jwss 2021; 25 (3) :225-244
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4062-en.html
University of Tehran , hakhosravi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2016 Views)
Desertification is a phenomenon that has more destructive effects in arid, semi-arid, and semi-humid regions than in other regions. This paper tries to provide a map of the future of desertification in Tehran Province, for futurism in the face of land degradation and desertification. The IMDPA model was used to evaluate land degradation and desertification. To use this model and evaluate desertification, three criteria of groundwater including groundwater depletion, electrical conductivity, and sodium adsorption ratio indices, climate criterion including precipitation, aridity, and drought indices, and land use criteria were selected as key criteria effected on desertification according to regional conditions. Land use index map with IGBP standard and zoning map of other indicators were prepared by IDW method for 2011 and 2016. The maps of land use index and other indices were predicted using the CA-Markov model in TerrSet software, and using the RBF method in artificial neural network toolbox, respectively. Scoring based on the IMDPA model, the maps of indices and criteria maps were prepared for 2011, 2016, and 2021. Finally, the desertification intensity map was calculated by geometric averaging for all three criteria for all three time periods. The results showed that 59.78% and 40.22% of the area of Tehran Province were in the low and medium classes, respectively. However, in 2016, the area of the medium class has increased to a 44.8%, and it is predicted that this increase will continue until 2021 so that 47.65% of the area of Tehran Province will be in the medium class. In addition, in this year, about 1% of the area of Tehran Province will be allocated to the high class in the western regions, which did not exist in the previous two periods. In general, due to human activities, the intensity of desertification in the western and southern parts of the province is higher than in the eastern and northern regions.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/08/14 | Accepted: 2021/01/31 | Published: 2021/12/1

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