Volume 25, Issue 3 (Fall 2021)                   jwss 2021, 25(3): 115-130 | Back to browse issues page

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Asghari saraskanrood S, Modirzadeh R. Estimation of Snow Cover Level in Ardebil and Sarein Cities Using Sensor Data Sentinel2 MSI Satellite. jwss 2021; 25 (3) :115-130
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4034-en.html
Mohaghegh Ardabili University , s.asghari@uma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1464 Views)
Snow cover is one of the important climatic elements based on which climate change may have a special effect. In general, climate change may be reflected in different climatic elements. Therefore, it is very important to study and measure changes in snow level as one of the important sources of water supply. Ardebil and Sarein cities are located at 48° 18׳ east longitude and 38° 15׳ north latitude. In this study, Sentinel-2 optical satellite was used to monitor the snow cover surface in 2018, and NDVI, S3, NWDI, NDSI, Cloud mask indices were applied to detect snow-covered surfaces using ArcGIS and Snap software. Next, to validate the snow maps extracted from the images, it was compared with the snow data in terrestrial stations using linear regression in MATLAB software and to evaluate the accuracy of the model statistical indices including RMSE, MSE, BIAS, CORR were used. The present study showed that according to Ardabil city climatic conditions, maximum-snow covered area in January with an area of 356.52 km2 and minimum snow-covered area in March with an area of 96.10 km2. The highest snow cover is observed in the high slope areas in the western slopes (Sabalan Mountain Heights) and the lowest snow cover is observed in the lower eastern slopes. The results of linear regression with generalization coefficient are 85% and the results of statistical indices of error are equal to MSE: 0.086, BASAS: 0.165, CORR: 0.924, and RMSE: 0.03. Correlation relationships between terrestrial data and estimated snow maps showed a high degree of correlation. This result is statistically significant at the 99% level. The use of optical images in estimating snow levels is very cost-effective due to the size of the areas and the high cost of installing snowmobiles. The results obtained in the present study indicated that traditional radar images with high spatial resolution and good correlation with terrestrial data can be a good alternative to snowmobiling ground stations at high altitudes or in passable areas.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/06/7 | Accepted: 2020/12/19 | Published: 2021/12/1

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