Volume 24, Issue 4 (Winter 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 24(4): 255-271 | Back to browse issues page

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Khalilian S, Sarai Tabrizi M, Babazadeh H, Saremi A. Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on the Inflow on Zayandehrood Dam. JWSS. 2021; 24 (4) :255-271
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-4007-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , mahdisarai@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (656 Views)
In the present study, the SWAT hydrological model was developed for the upstream of the Zayandehrood dam to evaluate the inflow to this dam. Accordingly, after entering the meteorological and hydrometric information of the region, the runoff simulation was performed. Due to the high volume of entrances to the Zayandehrood Dam, Shahrokh Castle hydrometric stations were selected as the base station for calibration and validation during the statistical period of 1990-2015. After hydrological simulation and accuracy of results, climate prediction was performed using the fifth model of the climate change for the RCP scenarios. According to the forecast, by using climate change models, the temperature could be assumed to increase in all models and the highest rate of increase would occur under the RCP 8.5 climate scenario. After evaluating climate change in different diffusion scenarios, the runoff of the basin was simulated in the SWAT model. The simulation results of runoff in the catchment area showed that although the amount of rainfall was increased in the region, increasing the temperature had a greater effect, reducing the amount of runoff in the basin. Based on the results of climate change, hydrological simulation was performed using the SWAT model. The results showed that the effect of diffusion scenarios in the region was different, causing an increase in temperature and precipitation. The highest increase was observed in the RCP8.5 scenario, which was consistent with the nature of this emission scenario, with the highest emission of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide. Then, the evaluation of the hydrological model was done; the results showed that although the amount of rainfall in the region had been increased, the increase in temperature of this basin had a greater effect and efficiency in reducing the amount of runoff.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/03/31 | Accepted: 2020/08/1 | Published: 2021/02/28

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