Volume 25, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 25(1): 27-42 | Back to browse issues page


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Hayati F, Rajabi A, Izadbakhsh M, Shabanlou S. Optimization of Gene Expression Programming Model using Wavelet Transform for Simulating Long-term Rainfall in Anzali City. JWSS. 2021; 25 (1) :27-42
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3989-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran. , ahmad.rajabi1974@gmail.com
Abstract:   (354 Views)
Due to drought and climate change, estimation and prediction of rainfall is quite important in various areas all over the world. In this study, a novel artificial intelligence (AI) technique (WGEP) was developed to model long-term rainfall (67 years period) in Anzali city for the first time. This model was combined using Wavelet Transform (WT) and Gene Expression Programming (GEP) model. Firstly, the most optimized member of wavelet families was chosen. Then, by analyzing the numerical models, the most accurate linking function and fitness function were selected for the GEP model. Next, using the autocorrelation function (ACF), the partial autocorrelation function (PACF) and different lags, 15 WGEP models were introduced. The GEP models were trained, tested and validated in 37, 20- and 10-years periods, respectively. Also, using sensitivity analysis, the superior model and the most effective lags for estimating long-term rainfall were identified. The superior model estimated the target function with high accuracy. For instance, correlation coefficient and scatter index for this model were 0.946 and 0.310, respectively. Additionally, lags 1, 2, 4 and 12 were proposed as the most effective lags for simulating rainfall using hybrid model. Furthermore, results of the superior hybrid model were compared with GEP model that the hybrid model had more accuracy.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/02/9 | Accepted: 2020/07/28 | Published: 2021/05/31

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