Volume 25, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 25(2): 203-217 | Back to browse issues page

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Janatrostami S, Salahi A. Equitable Allocation of Surface Water and Groundwater Resources in Foumanat Irrigation Area with Optimization Approach. JWSS. 2021; 25 (2) :203-217
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3978-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran. , janatrostami@guilan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (206 Views)
Water allocation needs to adhere to the principles of efficiency, equity, and sustainability, but, equity usually is less considered. Foumanat irrigation area with five command areas is one of the three areas of Sefidroud irrigation and drainage network that more than 90% of it is covered by paddy fields. Since water plays a key role in paddy fields, the lack of uniform distribution of water resources throughout the irrigation area during the rice cultivation period causes irrigation water scarcity and severe damage to some irrigation areas. In this study, the equity of groundwater withdrawal and the received surface water from Sefidroud irrigation and drainage canals according to the shared water resources among Foumanat’s command areas were evaluated using the Gini coefficient. Therefore, a water allocation optimization model was developed to maximize the equity in the allocation of groundwater and surface water of canals according to the minimum current economic benefit in the command areas. The results showed that in optimum conditions, the equity of groundwater and surface water resources allocation was increased by 46.3% and 43.7%, respectively. The evaluation of the optimal allocation of available water resources also showed that the amounts of groundwater withdrawal and the received surface water from canals are distributed equally among command areas.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2020/01/11 | Accepted: 2020/11/12 | Published: 2021/09/1

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