Volume 25, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 25(1): 231-241 | Back to browse issues page


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Jamali S, Ansari H, Zeynodin M. Investigation of the Effect of Irrigation Water Quality and Harvesting Time on the Yield and Yield Components of Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). JWSS. 2021; 25 (1) :231-241
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3912-en.html
1. Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. , ansary@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (385 Views)
The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of treated urban wastewater and different harvesting times on the yield and yield components of Sorghum (cv. Speed feed) in the greenhouse condition. The research was done based on a completely randomized design including 3 replications as pot planting in Ferdowsi university of Mashhad in 2016. In this study, the effects of four mixtures consisting of the moderations use of the treated urban wastewater and freshwater (0, 25, 75 and 100 percent mixture of treated urban wastewater and freshwater) and three harvesting times level (pre-flowering, after 50 percent of the plant to flowering, and grain filling stage) on the yield and yield components of Sorghum were evaluated. The results inducted that the effect of different moderations of irrigation regimes on all of them parameter was highly significant (P<0.01), but plant height was non-significant; it was also revealed that the effect of harvesting times on all of the parameters was highly significant (P<0.01), but leaf width was non-significant. The results also exhibited that the interaction effects of irrigated regimes and harvesting times on the leaf number, panicle length and width, leaf, panicle, and stem was highly significant (P<0.01), but plant height, stem diameter, branches number, and leaf length and width were significant at the  5 percent level (P<0.05). Also, the use of 25, 75, and 100 percent mixture of wastewater resulted in the  forage yield of  37.5, -29.3, and 12.9 percent (pre-flowering); -31, -15.3, and -47.4 percent (after 50 percent of the plant to flowering),  and -11.8, -35.7 and -28.4 percent (grain filling stage), respectively. The highest forage weights (46.2 g per plant) showed, in the study, irrigated by a mixture of 75 treated wastewater and 25 freshwater, and harvesting the plant after 50 percent in flowering stage; on the other hand, the best treatment in this study irrigation by the mixture of 75 treated wastewater and 25 freshwater and harvesting the plant after 50 percent in the flowering stage, Thus, using the treatment in farm experiment required the field research.
Full-Text [PDF 625 kb]   (105 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/07/14 | Accepted: 2020/09/13 | Published: 2021/05/31

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