Volume 24, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   JWSS 2020, 24(1): 225-236 | Back to browse issues page

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1. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Shiraz, Iran. , mjrousta@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2710 Views)
Given the various advantages of applying conservation tillage methods in the agriculture, including reducing the effects of climate change by decreasing the carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere caused by carbon sequestration in soil, this study was conducted with two wheat-cotton and wheat-sesame rotations at Agricultural Research Station Bakhtajerd, in Darab, the southeast of Fars Province, which had a warm and dry climate; this work was carried out in a loam soil during four years. The aim of this investigation was to compare the carbon sequestration (CS) in the soil after application of different conservation tillage methods with the conventional method. The results showed that in wheat-cotton rotation, the maximum and minimum amount of CS in the 0-20 cm depth of soil with the average 17.160 and 13.810 t/ha could be obtained by using no-till and conventional tillage, respectively. Therefore, no-till increased CS by 24.26% in wheat and cotton cultivation, as compared to the conventional tillage. The economic value of this CS increment for the environment was $2459 per hectare. In the wheat-sesame rotation, the highest and lowest CS was obtained with an average of 25.850 and 12.505 t/ha in no-till and conventional tillage, respectively. Namely, direct seeding of wheat and sesame increased the CS at the 0-20 cm depth of soil by 107%, as compared to the conventional tillage with the economic value of $9809.5 per hectare. Under similar conditions, in wheat-cotton and wheat-sesame rotations, the conventional methods could be replaced by no tillage.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/05/20 | Accepted: 2019/07/31 | Published: 2020/05/30

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