Volume 24, Issue 3 (Fall 2020)                   jwss 2020, 24(3): 179-190 | Back to browse issues page

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1. Irrigation and Drainage Department, Collage of Aburaihan, University of Tehran. , sehashemi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2579 Views)
Today, one of the biggest challenges facing the world is the lack of water, especially in the agricultural sector. In this research, we investigated the effects of irrigation method and deficit irrigation with the urban refined effluent on biomass, grain yield, yield components and water use efficiency in single grain crosses 704 maize. This research was carried out in a randomized complete block design with two irrigation systems (furrow irrigation (F) and drip irrigation (T)) and three levels of deficit irrigation treatments of 100 (D1), 75 (D2) and 55 (D3) percent of water requirements in three replications, in 2017, at the collage of Abourihan Research field, University of Tehran, in Pakdasht County. The results showed that the highest yield of biomass was 2.426 Kg m-2 for full drip irrigation treatments; also, there was no significant difference between D1 and D2 treatments. The highest grain yield was 1.240 kg m-2 for the complete drip irrigation treatment. The highest biomass water use efficiency was obtained for the treatment of 75% drip irrigation, which was equal to 5.3 kg per cubic meter of water. Therefore, a drip irrigation system with 75% water requirement is optimal and could be recommended.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/05/18 | Accepted: 2020/02/25 | Published: 2020/11/30

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