Volume 25, Issue 4 (Winiter 2022)                   jwss 2022, 25(4): 19-31 | Back to browse issues page


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University of Zanjan , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1835 Views)
This study was conducted to investigate the temporal variations of runoff and rill erosion in various soil textures under different slope gradients. So, a laboratory experiment was set up in three soil textures (loam, clay loam, and sandy clay loam) and four slope gradients (5, 10, 15, and 20%) using the completely randomized design with three replications. Runoff production and rill erosion were measured at a flume with 4 m×0.32 m in dimensions using a simulated water flow with 0.5 lit min-1 in discharge during 30 min. Results indicated that runoff and rill erosion and their interaction were significantly affected by soil texture and slope gradient (P < 0.001). Significant relations were found between rill erosion and runoff both in three soils and four slope gradients, and the strongest relations were in loam (R2= 0.86) and 15% slope gradient (R2= 0.94). Runoff and rill erosion varied considerably in the soil textures and slope gradients during the experiment. A 10-min pick time was found for runoff and rill erosion. In contrast to runoff, rill erosion appeared an irregular and gradual increasing pattern during the experiment which was associated with the frequency of transportable soil particles. Clay loam had more sensitive particles due to a higher percentage of fine particles and weaker structure, and most of them were washed in early times, and finally, rill erosion was reached to a constant pattern. This study revealed that temporal variation patterns of runoff and rill erosion are influenced by soil type (texture and structure) and slope gradient.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2019/04/24 | Accepted: 2021/02/27 | Published: 2022/03/1

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