Volume 23, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(3): 299-311 | Back to browse issues page

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Eshkou Z, Dehghani A, Ahmadi A. Experimental Investigation of the Characteristics of Hydraulic Jump in a Diverging Stilling Basin with an Adverse Slope Using Baffle Blocks. jwss 2019; 23 (3) :299-311
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3780-en.html
2. Department of Water Engineering, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. , a.dehghani@gau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3523 Views)
Stilling basins have been used as an energy dissipater downstream of hydraulic structures. Dimensions of the stilling basins depends on hydraulic jump characteristics. In this research diverging hydraulic jump with an adverse slope using baffle blocks and an end sill have been studied experimentally and effect of diverging angle of the walls, adverse bed slope and baffle blocks on the hydraulic jump characteristics have been evaluated. Tests have been done for rectangular stilling basin with different bed slopes (0.025-0.05-0.075) and different diverging angle (3-5-9) degree and using baffle blocks. Discharge and Froude numbers considered to range from 39 to 81.7 lit/s and 4.44 to 8.56 respectively. Results have been indicated that the baffle blocks have been reduced sequent depth ratio and relative length of the jump 12% and 18% respectively (in comparison to diverging stilling basin with adverse slope without block). It was also found that baffle blocks and end sill could considerably improve the general condition and features of an expanding hydraulic jump with an adverse slope and could stabilize the position of this type and bi-stable situation of the flow.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/09/26 | Accepted: 2018/12/26 | Published: 2019/12/23

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