Volume 23, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   JWSS 2019, 23(3): 125-140 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorbani S, Moddress R. Modelling the Relationship between the Frequency of Dust Storms and Climatic Variables in the Summer Time in Desert Areas of Iran. JWSS 2019; 23 (3) :125-140
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3745-en.html
1. Watershed Management Department, Natural Resources Collage, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , mrsghorbani67@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3597 Views)
The purpose of this study was to model the relationship between the frequency of dust storms and climatic variables in desert areas of Iran. For this purpose, climatic data of temperature (maximum and minimum), rainfall, wind speed (maximum and minimum), and their relationship with the number of days with dust recorded in 25 meteorological stations (statistical period since their inception until 2014) in summer using Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression method multivariate was analyzed in SPSS software. Also, due to regional analysis, correlation coefficient between climatic variables and frequency of drought storms in desert areas of Iran, the mapping of these coefficients was prepared by method of Inverse distance weighting (IDW) in Arc GIS software. The results showed that the stations in the south and southwest of the study area have the highest dust incidence in the summer season. So that Zabul station with (3892 days) has the most frequent occurrence of dust storms. In most stations, there was a significant relationship between the frequency of dust storms and the variables of average wind speed and maximum wind speed. The highest correlation coefficient of the mean wind speed was related to the station of the Chabahar Konarak with correlation coefficient of 0.710 and Iranshahr station with a correlation coefficient of 0.65, showed the highest correlation with maximum wind speed. The maximum temperature variable at Qom station with a correlation coefficient of 0.398 shows a significant and positive relationship. Iranshahr station has a correlation coefficient of -0.620 with a mean temperature and Minab station has a correlation coefficient of -0.446 with maximum temperature. The results of temperature correlation with the frequency of dust storms indicate that ground low pressure is effective in creating the phenomena in the warm course of the year. Most stations have inverse correlation with precipitation. The highest correlation coefficients between precipitation and dust events were observed at -0.208 and -0.185 at east of Isfahan and Torbat Heidariyeh stations, respectively. Multivariate regression modelling between dust and climatic variables in summer also shows that the most important parameter in dust events are average wind speed, maximum wind speed and average temperature. Regression models show that, at the best condition, climate variables explain only 70% of the variation of dust frequency.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/06/25 | Accepted: 2018/10/29 | Published: 2019/12/23

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