Volume 23, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   jwss 2019, 23(3): 223-235 | Back to browse issues page

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Karimi N, Gholami L, Kavian A. Protective Role of Biochar in Different Soil Moisture for Prevent Soil Loss in Laboratory Conditions. jwss 2019; 23 (3) :223-235
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3678-en.html
1. Department of Watershed Management Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran. , gholami.leily@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4611 Views)
The using of soil conditioners to water and soil conservation is essential and also, the effect study of soil moisture on the soil conservation process and its role on changing runoff, soil erosion and sediment yield is necessary for understanding and simulating the hydrologic response of soil. Therefore, the present study was carried with the aim of investigating the effect of biochar with amount of 1.6 t ha-1 on the components of  time to runoff, runoff volume, runoff coefficient, soil loss and sediment concentration in different soil moisture including air-dried, 15, 20 and 30 percent with three replications in plot scale. The results showed that after application of biochar conditioner, time to runoff compared with control treatment at soil moistures of air-dried of 15, 20 and 30 percent happened later 66.66, 186.6, 150.5, and 475.47 respectively. The results also showed that the runoff volume at soil moistures of air-dried of 15, 20 and 30 percent decreased 44.49, 55.65, 36.47 and 41.08 percent, respectively, and the runoff coefficient reduced 55.71, 66.39, 48.44 and 37.82 percent, respectively. The adding biochar caused the decreasing soil loss with rates of 91.19, 85.055, 85.63 and 88.066 percent, respectively, and the sediment concentration with amounts of 84.19, 66.53, 76.57 and 79.59 percent, respectively. Also the results showed that the changes of soil moisture had the significant effect on changing the time to runoff, runoff volume, and soil loss and sediment concentration in level of 99 percent.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/02/27 | Accepted: 2018/11/17 | Published: 2019/12/23

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