Volume 24, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   jwss 2020, 24(1): 83-94 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghian N, Vaezi A, Majnooni Heris A. Effect of Raindrops Impact on Hydraulic Properties of the Rill Flow under Slope Gradients. jwss 2020; 24 (1) :83-94
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3639-en.html
1- Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3845 Views)
Few studies have been done regarding the role of the raindrop in the hydrodinamic mechanism of soil erosion. In this study, rainfall simulation experiments were conducted to evaluate the role of raindrop in runoff discharge, sediment concentration and hydraulic properties of flow under four slope gradients (5, 10, 15 and 20%) in a clay soil using a 90 mm.h-1 rainfall intensity to reach the steady state flow. Soil sample was packed into the erosion flume with 0.3m× 0.4m × 4 m in dimensions and tested under two soil surface conditions:  one with raindrop impact and one without raindrop impact. The results showed that runoff discharge, sediment concentration, flow depth, shear stress, stream power, Reynolds number and runoff velocity under without raindrop impact condition were significantly lower than those in the condition  with the raindrop impact with a factor of 0.62 to 3.54, 0.08 to 11.83, 0.91 to 0.96, 0.26 to 3.25, 0.52 to 4.45, and 0.36 to 3.27, 0.23 to 0.79 times, respectively; on the other hand, the Darcy Wysbach, Chezy and Manning coefficients were increased significantly under without raindrop impact (P<0.01). Flow velocity was the key hydraulic parameter strongly affecting the hydraulic properties. These findings indicated the importance of raindrop impact in the detachment rate of soil particles through the change of the hydraulic characteristics. This study also revealed the key role of raindrop impact on the runoff hydraulic characteristics, as well as particle detachments rate in rills. Information about the role of raindrop impact is a substantial step in modeling the rill erosion. Therefore, elimination of raindrops impact, especially in the steep slopes, with the conservation of natural vegetation cover can sufficiently prevent runoff production as well as the particle detachment rate.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2018/01/3 | Accepted: 2018/05/19 | Published: 2020/05/30

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