Volume 24, Issue 2 (Summer 2020)                   JWSS 2020, 24(2): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (541 Views)
In semi-arid regions, soils are weakly aggregated and subjected to water erosion processes especially rill and interrill erosion. There is no information on the rate of these water erosion types in semi-arid soils located in the hillslopes. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the soils susceptibility to these erosion types in semi-arid region. A laboratory experiment was done in eight soil textures using in a 0.6 m × 1 m flume a simulated rainfall with 50 mm.h-1 in intensity for 60 min. Rill and interrill erosion rate was measured using soil loss amount per flume area and rainfall duration. Based on the results, both rill and interrill erosion rate were significantly varied among the soils textures (P<0.001). Silt loam was the most susceptible soil to rill erosion (0.22 g m-2 sec-1) and interrill erosion (0.15 g m-2 sec-1), whereas sand didn’t appear any soil loss by these water erosion types. The compression of soil loss resulted by rill and interrill erosion among the soil tectures showed that rill erosion rate for sandy clay loam, silt loam, loam and sandy loam was 3.2, 1.4, 1.1 and 2.8 times higher than interrill erosion rate, respectively. These differences were statistically significant. Silt content was the major factor controlling soil loss difference in these soils. This study revealed that the study semi-arid soils having higher silt content appears also higher rill erosion rate than interrill erosion rate.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/12/25 | Accepted: 2018/05/22 | Published: 2020/07/31