Volume 9, Issue 3 (fall 2005)                   JWSS 2005, 9(3): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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M. J. Nazemosadat, A. Shirvani. Prediction of Persian Gulf Sea Surface Temperature Using Multiple Regressions and Principal Components Analysis. JWSS. 2005; 9 (3) :1-11
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-360-en.html
Abstract:   (21026 Views)
Since the fluctuations of the Persian Gulf Sea Surface Temperature (PGSST) have a significant effect on the winter precipitation and water resources and agricultural productions of the south western parts of Iran, the possibility of the Winter SST prediction was evaluated by multiple regression model. The time series of PGSSTs for all seasons, during 1947-1992, were considered as predictors, and the time series of MSSTs during 1948-1993, as the prrdictand. For the purpose of data reduction and principal components extraction, the principal components analysis was applied. Just the scores of the first four PCs (PC1 to PC4) that accounted for the total variance in predictor field were considered as the input file for the regression analysis. For finding the dependency of each principal component to the first time series of the PGSST, the Varimax rotation analysis was applied. The results have indicated that PC1 to PC4 respectively are the indicator of temperature changes during winter, autumn, Spring and Summer. According to the regression model, the components of PC1, PC2 and PC4 were significant at 5% level. But the components of PC3 was insignificant. The results indicated that the significant variables are held accountable for the 33.5% of the total variance in the winter PGSSTs. It became obvious that for the prediction of the winter PGSST, the PGSST during the winter of the last year has a particular importance. At the next stage, autumn and summer temperature have also a role in prediction of winter PGSST.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 2005/10/15

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