Volume 25, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)                   JWSS 2021, 25(2): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Saniesales F, Soltani S, Modarres R. Evaluation of New Drought Index of SPDI (Standardized Palmer Drought Index) in Chaharmahal-Va-Bakhtiari Province. JWSS. 2021; 25 (2) :1-12
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3501-en.html
1. Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , sanie_farnoosh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (314 Views)
Several indices are used for drought identification and quantification. In this paper, the new Standardized Palmer Drought index (SPDI) was introduced and then the drought condition of Chaharmahal-Va-Bakhtiari Province was studied using this index. For this study, 11 synoptic, climatology, and evaporation meteorology stations were selected. Essential information in this investigation includes monthly temperature, monthly precipitation, and soil moisture measurement. To estimate SPDI, moisture departure, was first calculated on a monthly time scale. Then, converted to cumulative moisture departure values in different time scales including 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months. The best statistical distribution (GEV) was then fitted to cumulative departure. These values were then standardized to have the SPDI. The results showed that, as soil moisture affects SPDI estimation, it will be more valid for analyzing and monitoring drought conditions, especially for agricultural drought. Also, the results showed that 2000, 2001, and 2008 years were the driest time in this Province from 1988 to 2012. Moreover, drought frequency was found out in the western half of the Province more than in the other parts.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/04/28 | Accepted: 2017/11/12 | Published: 2021/09/1

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