Volume 22, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   jwss 2019, 22(4): 343-356 | Back to browse issues page

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Karami A, Homaee M. Estimating the Infiltration Parameters Using the Fractal Model of Rieu and Sposito. jwss 2019; 22 (4) :343-356
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3486-en.html
2. گروه آبیاری و زهکشی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران , mhomaee@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6212 Views)
Quantitative description of the spatial variability of soil hydraulic characteristics is crucial for planning, management and the optimum application. Field measurement of infiltration is very expensive, time-consuming and laborious. Soil structure also important effects on water infiltration in the soil. The objectives of this study were to determine the spatial variability of water infiltration, to select the most appropriate infiltration model, to calculate the parameters of relevant models, and to quantify the soil structure by using the fractal geometry. Infiltration parameters were estimated by using some physical soil properties, as well as fractal parameters, in this research. To achieve these purposes, 161 sites were selected and their infiltration was measured by using the constant head double-ring infiltrometers method in a systematic array of 500*500 m. The observed infiltration data from all examined sites were fitted to three selected infiltration models. Soil bulk density (BD), soil water content, soil particle size distribution, soil aggregate size distribution (ASD), organic carbon content (OC), saturation percentage (SP), soil pH and electrical conductivity (EC) were also measured in all 161 sites. For the quantitative assessment of soil structure, the aggregate size distribution, fractal parameters of the Rieu and Sposito model as well as the mean weight diameters (MWD) and geometric mean diameter (GMD) were also obtained. The obtained results indicated that the infiltration rates of the studied areas had generally low basic infiltration rates (1.1-31.1 cm hr-1) for most sites with the average of 6.69 cm hr-1. According to all obtained results and based on the least-square method, the Philip model was selected as the best performing model to account for infiltration. The aggregate size distribution demonstrated a fractal behavior, and the infiltration parameters could be significantly correlated with the fractal parameters and other soil physical properties.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2017/03/16 | Accepted: 2018/05/26 | Published: 2019/03/15

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