Volume 20, Issue 77 (Fall 2016)                   JWSS 2016, 20(77): 163-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Najafi-Ghiri M. Potassium Status in Wheat-cultivated Soils and its Relationship with Grain K in Darab Region, Southeastern Fars Province. JWSS. 2016; 20 (77) :163-171
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3408-en.html
1. Dept. of Range and Watershed Manage., College of Agr. and Natural Resources of Darab, Shiraz Univ., Darab, Iran. , mnajafighiri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7797 Views)

The status of soil K forms and its relationship with K content in wheat grain at harvest period may be important for nutrient fertility management. For this purpose, 40 surface (0-20 cm) and subsurface (20-40 cm) soil samples and also grain samples from wheat fields of Darab region were randomly sampled in 2014. Then physicochemical properties of the soils and the contents of soluble, exchangeable and non-exchangeable K and contents of K in wheat grains were determined. Results indicated that content of soluble, exchangeable and non-exchangeable K in the studied soils ranged 15-70, 91-443 and 396-1182 mg kg-1, respectively. Significant relationships were obtained between soil K forms and clay, calcium carbonate and CEC. Although it is expected that content of easily available K (soluble and exchangeable K) was low at late stage of wheat growth, most soils had sufficient K content. The positive and significant relationship among different K forms was indicative of the K forms equilibration at the time of wheat harvesting. Although there is not a relationship between K content in wheat grain and soil K forms, it was shown that K content of wheat grain was correlated with soil exchangeable K and clay content in fine-textured soils (clay > 30%). It means that ammonium acetate may be a suitable extractant for estimation of soil K status and plant available K of heavy-textured soils in the studied region.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/12/19 | Accepted: 2016/12/19 | Published: 2016/12/19

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