Volume 20, Issue 77 (Fall 2016)                   JWSS 2016, 20(77): 127-143 | Back to browse issues page

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Savari Z, Hojati S, Taghizadeh-Mehrjerdi R. Assessing the Ability of Kriging Methods for Mapping Surface Soil Salinity in Ahvaz County . JWSS. 2016; 20 (77) :127-143
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3406-en.html
1. Dept. of Soil Science, Faculty of Agr., Shahid Chamran Univ. of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran. , s.hojati@scu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10840 Views)

Salinity and alkalinity decreases physical, chemical and biological quality of soils and as a result reduces crop yield. This study aims to evaluate spatial variability of soil salinity in Ahvaz using geostatistical approaches. Accordingly, 69 surface soil samples (0-10 cm) were collected and their electrical conductivities (EC) were measured in 1:1 soil: water extracts. The data were then analyzed using ordinary kriging (OK), log-normal kriging (LOK) and indicator kriging (IK) interpolation techniques to produce soil salinity maps. Finally, the quality control of soil maps was performed by calculation of root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2). The results indicated that due to the lowest RMSE and the highest R2 values, the LOK interpolation method is the best approach in mapping soil salinity in Ahvaz. The results also illustrated that based on defined threshold values (4, 8, 16, and 32 dS m-1) the indicator kriging methods have been able to show risk of soil salinity in the area. Based on this, most of the area is covered by soils with salinity higher than 4 dS m-1. Evaluation of final soil maps showed that the highest concentrations of salts are related to the western and southwestern parts of Ahvaz city. In contrast, the lowest amounts of salinity were found in Eastern and Northern parts of the city.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/12/19 | Accepted: 2016/12/19 | Published: 2016/12/19

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