Volume 22, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   jwss 2019, 22(4): 129-142 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaei M R, Ruy S. Preferential Flow Modeling Using Kinematic-Dispersive Wave Model and the Role of Macrospores. jwss 2019; 22 (4) :129-142
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3381-en.html
1. Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran. , mmirzaei@mail.yu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4986 Views)
Preferential flow is of great importance in the environment and the human health. So, rapid water transportation and consequently, pollutants and pesticides leak out and get into the groundwater, making it very difficult to measure and quantify. To quantify and describe the preferential flow, two gravity-driven models were used: 1) kinematic wave model (KW) introduced by Germann in 1985), and 2) kinematic dispersive wave (KDW) model developed by applying a second-order correction to the Germann’s model by Di Pietro et al. in 2003. So, the experimental data was obtained using the laboratory mini-rainfall-simulator over cylindrical soil samples at the laboratory. Their parameters were obtained using Solver add-ins in the Excel software. Then, the results were compared using the root-mean-square error (RMSE). The results showed that the KDW model could better predict the preferential flow (with lower RMSE). Also, the regression results showed 1) there was no significant relation between the preferential flow and the total porosity, and 2) there is a significant relation between the preferential flow and the macrospores.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/11/23 | Accepted: 2018/01/8 | Published: 2019/03/15

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