Volume 20, Issue 76 (Summer 2016)                   jwss 2016, 20(76): 73-83 | Back to browse issues page

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1. Dept. of Range & Watershed Manage. Natural Resour. and Earth Sci. College, Univ. of Kashan, Kashan, Iran. , Hadi.Watershed@gmail.com
Abstract:   (10078 Views)

Nowadays, the increasing population and water demand in various sectors of agriculture, industry, drinking and sanitation has brought about tremendous pressure on groundwater resources. Changes in groundwater quality and salinity of the water resources are currently major threats to development, especially in the dry and too dry lands. The aim of this study is evaluation of the trend of changes in groundwater quality, both temporally and spatially, in Kashan plain over a period of 12 years (2002-2013) using geostatistical methods and classification methods namely Shouler and Wilcox. Thereby, Export Choice has been used and each parameter has been weighted according to its effect on water quality changes. Then, the weighted average of water quality parameters was used for zoning the drinking and agriculture water. The results showed that among the geostatistical methods, circular Kriging based on the correlation coefficient has more acceptable performance. Moreover, the results of spatial and temporal changes in water quality based on Shouler and Wilcox indicate a decrease of drink and agriculture water quality in the study area. Besides, 1.75 km2 of high quality drinkable water was annually decreased between 2002 and 2013 and replaced with moderate or poor quality water. Also, the same but more remarkable decline happened in agriculture water so that 11.06 km2 of high quality agriculture water annually diminished from 2002 to 2009 and plunged zero by 2009.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/09/4 | Accepted: 2016/09/4 | Published: 2016/09/4

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