Volume 24, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   JWSS 2020, 24(1): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1. Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran. , shirvani@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (931 Views)
Shortage of water resources and deterioration of water quality have urged the need to develop new technologies for the removal of contaminants from water. Heavy metals produced by municipal and industrial activities are among the most toxic contaminants present in the natural and waste waters. Different methods have been developed for the elimination of heavy metals from water resources and industrial waste waters. Adsorption is an effective and economic method for the water purification purposes. Nowadays, clays and natural polymers have been widely used as the adsorbents for heavy metals, due to their eco-friendly nature, natural abundance, low cost and high specific surface area. If these adsorbents are used as a hybrid material, some of their physical and chemical restrictions would be alleviated. In this study, polyacrylic acid–bentonite hybrids and natural bentonite were compared in terms of Pb adsorption in the batch and fixed-bed column systems. Besides, the effect of pH on Pb retention was investigated in both systems. The results of the batch studies showed that Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were appropriate in ing quilibrium Pb sorption data. Pb sorption by the sorbents was increased with the rise in solution of pH from 4 to 6, showing the greatest Pb sorption capacity at pH values of 4 (83.29 mg g-1) and 6 (103.3 mg g-1). Different indices of filtration and adsorption, including average relative effluent concentration, relative adsorption index, relative transmitted index, and filtration coefficient, were calculated from the break-through curves, indicating that the polyacrylic acid-bentonite nanocomposite was superior in the Pb sorbtion, as compared to bentonite. Also, a higher pH value resulted in the greater Pb removal from the solutions.  
Full-Text [PDF 480 kb]   (92 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/06/13 | Accepted: 2017/11/13 | Published: 2020/05/30