Volume 21, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   jwss 2018, 21(4): 111-127 | Back to browse issues page

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Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. , zahedi51@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8455 Views)
Soil depth is a major soil characteristic commonly used in distributed hydrological modeling in order to present watershed subsurface attributes. It strongly affects water infiltration and accordingly runoff generation, subsurface moisture storage, vertical and lateral moisture movement, saturation thickness and plant root depth in the soil. The objective of this study is to develop a statistical model that predicts the spatial pattern of soil depth over the watershed from topographic and land cover variables derived from DEM and satellite image, respectively. A 10 m resolution DEM was prepared using 1:25000 topographic maps. Landsat8 imagery, OLI sensor (May 06, 2015) was used to derive different land cover attributes. Soil depth, topographic curvature, land use and vegetation characteristics were surveyed at 426 profiles within the four sub-watersheds. Box Cox transformations were used to normalize the measured soil depth and each explanatory variable. Random Forest prediction model was used to predict soil depth using the explanatory variables. The model was run using 336 data points in the calibration dataset with all 31 explanatory variables (18 variables from DEM and 13 variables from remote sensing image), and soil depth as the response of the model. Prediction errors were computed for validation data set. Testing dataset was done with the model soil depth values at testing locations (93 points). The Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency coefficient (NSE) for testing data set was 0.689. The results showed that land use, Specific Catchment Area (SCA), NDVI, Aspect, Slope and PCA1 are the most important explanatory variables in predicting soil depth.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/05/31 | Accepted: 2017/02/26 | Published: 2018/02/12

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