Volume 20, Issue 75 (Spring 2016)                   jwss 2016, 20(75): 201-212 | Back to browse issues page

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1. Dept. of Soil Sci., Agric. Faculty, Univ. of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. , vaezi.alireza@gmail.com
Abstract:   (14898 Views)

Knowledge of variation in soil properties from each event to another is very important for the determination of critical periods during which soil is susceptible to erosion processes. This study was carried out to investigate soil loss in sequential rainfall events in Zanjan Province. Toward this, ten soil textures samples were taken and were transported to small plots (60 cm×80cm) with 20-cm depth) on a 8% slope land at three replications. The plots were exposed to ten simulated rainfalls with an intensity of 55 mm h-1 for 30-min and 5-day intervals. A total of 300 simulated rainfall trials were carried out at the plots.  Results indicated that soil moisture, runoff production and soil loss were significantly affected by rainfall events (P< 0.001). Increasing soil moisture and consequently decreasing soil infiltration capacity were the most crucial element in increasing runoff production and soil loss in the sequential rainfall events, in a way that about 84% of soil loss variation in the rainfall events could be explained based on antecedent soil moisture. After the fifths rainfall event, no significant differences  was found in soil infiltration capacity as well as runoff production because of soil moisture reaching to the water-holding capacity. Nevertheless, an increasing trend was observed in soil loss after fifth event which could associate with presence of more erodible soil particles on the surface and consequently increasing the concentration of surface flows.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/05/17 | Accepted: 2016/05/17 | Published: 2016/05/17

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