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Masoudi F, Shirvani M. Kinetic and Isothermal Studies of Ni Sorption on Biochars Prepared form Date Palm Residues Pyrolyzed under Different Temperatures. JWSS - Isfahan University of Technology 2018; 21 (4) :1-13
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3218-en.html
1. Dept. of Soil Sci., Faculty of Agric., Isf. Univ. of Technol., Isfahan, Iran. , shirvani@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7653 Views)
Water and soil pollution with heavy metals has become a worldwide environmental issue. Therefore, development of efficient and low-cost methods for removal of metals from water or metal stabilization in soil has been identified as priority research areas. Biochar, produced from plant biomass and agricultural wastes, has recently been used to remove heavy metals from aqueous solutions as an effective sorbent. In this study, biochars were made from pyrolysis of palm tree residues at different temperatures of 200, 400 and 600 °C. The prepared biochars were then used to remove Ni from aqueous solutions in batch systems without pH adjustment and with pH adjustment at 7. To investigate Ni sorption rate, kinetic experiments were also carried out at a Ni concentration of 10 mg/L. The results of kinetic tests showed that the biochar prepared at 600 °C had more Ni sorption rate with equilibration time of about 5 h. Power function and Elovich models were the best equations fitted the kinetic data. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms described sorption of Ni on the sorbents very well. According to the Langmuir model predictions, the biochar produced at 600 °C and the palm raw residues had highest and the lowest capacity to sorb Ni from the solution, respectively, and the biochars produced at 200°C and 400°C were intermediate in this respect. Both the capacity and affinity of the biochars for Ni sorption increased with pH. Overall, under the experimental conditions applied in this study, the biochar prepared at 600 °C showed the highest efficiency for Ni removal from aqueous solution.
Full-Text [PDF 317 kb]   (1631 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/02/8 | Accepted: 2016/09/11 | Published: 2018/02/7

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