Volume 21, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   jwss 2018, 21(4): 201-214 | Back to browse issues page

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1. Dept. of Soil Sci. Eng., Facalty of Agric., Tehran Univ., Tehran. Iran. , ramin.samiei@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7937 Views)
Reflectance spectroscopy is a fast and safe method to predict soil physicochemical and biological properties in low cost ways. Traditional methods to determine soil properties require spending a lot of time and money so that farmers are generally reluctant to use the results of laboratory measurements in soil and water management. Reflectance spectroscopy in the spectral range of 400-2500 nm (VNIR) is an alternative method for estimating the soil properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of laboratory spectrometer to estimate the concentration of Lead (Pb) and Nickel (Ni) in soils irrigated with water from treatment of urban sewage sludge of Rey city and finally to compare these results with the results of measurements of atomic absorption spectrometry. In this study, the Partial Linear Square Regression (PLSR) model was used to estimate the concentration of heavy metals and Residual Mean Square Error (RMSE) was used to evaluate the performance of this model. In this research, after spectral corrections related to elimination of the water absorption bands as well as elimination of the inefficient spectrum from heavy metals estimations, the methods of estimating these elements were studied through mathematical derivation of spectral values and also the acquisition of the continuum removal spectra. The results show that the estimated values from first derivate spectra are more consistent with the results of atomic absorption spectrometers.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2016/01/12 | Accepted: 2017/04/3 | Published: 2018/02/12

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