Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2018)                   JWSS 2018, 22(1): 305-316 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.29252/jstnar.22.1.305

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1. Dept. of Soil Sci., Faculty of Agric., Urmia Univ., Urmia, Iran. , m.rsadaghiani@urmia.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5146 Views)
The use of plants and soil microorganisms is a promising technique for the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils. This study was carried out in order to evaluate the soil microbial potential with four Cd concentration levels (0, 10, 30 and 100 mg kg-1); the study also addressed the inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) species (a mixture of Glomus species including G. intraradices, G. mosseae and G. fasciculatum) as well as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) (a mixture of Pseudomonas species including P. putida, P. fluorescens, and P. aeruginosa) with the Centaurea cyanus plant. The soil sample was spiked uniformly with Cd nitrate salt to create different Cd concentrations. The contaminated soils were then sterilized and subsequently inoculated with AMF and PGPR. The results indicated that with increasing the soil Cd concentration, colonization percent, abundance of rhizobateria, shoot biomass, and shoot relative biomass were significantly decreased, while the  proline content and the shoot Cd concentration were significantly increased (P≤0.05). The mean of Cd extracted in AMF and PGPR treatments was 1.8 and 2.8 and the translocation factor was 1.2 and 1.5 times higher, as compared to the corresponding control treatments, respectively. It could be concluded that microbial inoculation, in addition to improving plant growth, plays an important role in the Cd phytoremediation efficiency by plant.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2014/09/28 | Accepted: 2018/02/28