Volume 2, Issue 1 (spring 1998)                   jwss 1998, 2(1): 19-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Afyuni M, Rezainejad Y, Khayambashi B. Effect of Sewage Sludge on Yield and Heavy Metal Uptake of Lettuce and Spinach. jwss 1998; 2 (1) :19-30
URL: http://jstnar.iut.ac.ir/article-1-263-en.html
Abstract:   (40340 Views)
Land application of sewage sludge is potentially beneficial as an inexpensive nutrient source. However, problem with the use of sludge may exist from high soil concentrations and subsequent uptake of heavy metals by plant and entering of the metals into the human and animal food chains. A field study with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) was conducted to examine uptake of heavy metals from a sludge amended soil as affected by sludge rate and time of sludge application. Sludge rates were 0, 22.5, and 45 ton/ha. To determine the effect of time on heavy metal uptake, a year after the first plants were harvested, one third of each plot was planted without sludge application and to the rest of each plot sludge was added in the same rates as before. Total and EDTA-extractable Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd concentrations in soil were determined. The metal concentrations in shoots and roots of the plants were determined separately. Total metal concentrations showed an increasing trend with addition of sewage sludge. Copper, Zn, and Pb EDTA-extractable concentrations in soil and concentrations of these metals in the plants increased significantly with sludge rate. Time of sludge application did not have any significant effect on EDTA-extractable and plant uptake of metals. Sewage sludge also increased the crop yields significantly.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ggeneral
Received: 2008/01/9 | Published: 1998/04/15

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